Memories of Underdevelopment (1968)
Memories of Underdevelopment (1968) is a Cuban film directed by Tomás Gutiérrez Alea. It is a classic example of Cuban cinema and is considered to be one of the most important films of the Cuban Revolution. The film follows the story of Sergio, a wealthy Cuban man who decides to stay in Cuba after the revolution, while his family and friends flee to the United States.
The film is notable for its frank depiction of sexuality. Sergio is shown to be a womanizer, and the film contains several explicit sex scenes. In one scene, Sergio is shown having sex with a woman in a hotel room. The scene is shot in a voyeuristic style, with Sergio's face obscured by the camera. This scene is meant to illustrate Sergio's detachment from the revolution and his inability to connect with the people around him.
The film also contains a scene in which Sergio is shown having a sexual encounter with a prostitute. This scene is meant to show Sergio's loneliness and his lack of meaningful relationships. The scene is shot in a dreamlike manner, with Sergio's face obscured by the camera.
Overall, Memories of Underdevelopment is an important film that is notable for its frank depiction of sexuality. The film's explicit sex scenes are meant to illustrate Sergio's detachment from the revolution and his inability to connect with the people around him. The film is a classic example of Cuban cinema and is considered to be one of the most important films of the Cuban Revolution.
Sergio fantasises about his maid's baptism - he puts himself in the position of the priest and in his mind her shirt clings to her chest in a moderately revealing way. He then imagines kissing her and her lying fully naked on the bed (although covering herself appropriately).
There is a montage sequence in which a series of erotic, previously-banned clips are presented - each clip repeated several times. 1) a couple in swimwear making out on some rocks 2) a naked woman (in the far background) getting into a bath 3) a woman shown from the knees down taking off panties 4) a woman taking off her bra (shown fully topless). 5) a couple kissing in bed under some covers.
A man takes a 16 year-old girl back to his flat and seduces her. They kiss several times and he removes the strap from her bra before the shot cuts away. After they've had sex the girl is upset and says that he's "ruined her".
A schoolboy draws a naked woman in his exercise book.
Sergio is shown as a boy visiting two separate girls in a brothel. He is shown with the first (they are naked but only filmed from the shoulder up). With the second they are seen kissing and embracing naked from the waist up with her arm covering her breasts.
Sergio has a brief relationship with a schoolgirl. She is shown naked from behind from the waist up with the side of her breasts clearly visible. He is naked under the covers.
There is a court case in which a man is accused of raping a young girl. Mild formal sexual language (e.g. virgin).